Animals who have been sterilized
get fat and lazy
Sterilizing an animal does decrease his or her metabolic rate.
That is why this is the perfect time to switch from a high-energy
puppy/kitten food to a diet designed for adults. After spaying
or neutering an adult animal, feed a diet appropriate to his
or her life cycle. Over-feeding and lack of exercise are the
cause of obesity, not spay/neuter!
Males don’t need to be neutered
because they aren’t the ones having the litters
Believe it or not, this is the most prevalent spay/neuter
myth. Immaculate conception, however, does not explain canine
and feline pregnancies! One un-neutered male can impregnate
hundreds of female animals in the time it takes one litter
of kittens or puppies to be born. For individuals who have
a need for cosmetic reinforcement, there are synthetic scrotal
implants that can be surgically implanted.
Studies show that the majority of dog bites are made by
intact, untrained male dogs.
Females need to have one litter
before being spayed
There is no medical support for this. Some people refuse
to spay/neuter because they think it would be nice for their
pet to have puppies or kittens.
Every responsible home found means one less home available
to the many shelter animals hoping for adoption. Each day
animal shelters are forced to kill thousands of dogs and
cats for lack of responsible homes.
Preventing animals from having litters
Sterilization is cruel
Spay and neuter surgical procedures are done under general
anesthesia and pain relief medications are given for home.
Most pets are walking out of the hospital and have all normal
We’ve already interfered with nature by domesticating
dogs and cats. In doing so, we created the tragedy of pet
overpopulation. We now have the responsibility to solve it.
Neutering male cats causes urethral
obstructions which can lead to death
Exhaustive studies have indicated that urethral obstructions
are not affected by whether a cat is neutered or not.
Neutering male cats causes urethral obstructions which can
lead to death
Exhaustive studies have indicated that urethral obstructions
are not affected by whether a cat is neutered or not.
Spay/neuter is unnecessary for purebreds because they are
in great demand
One out of every four animals brought to animal shelters is
Pets lament their lost capability
Pets are not homo sapiens they are a different species from
ours. Pets do not nurture their young for 18 years, watch
them go off to college or whatever, marry, and produce grandchildren.
Dogs and cats nurse their young for a few weeks, teach them
to behave like dogs and cats, and go on with their lives.
(Males know next to nothing of what we humans call fatherhood.
They rarely recognize puppies and kittens as their own.).
GETTING READY FOR YOUR PET’S
Your pet should not have any food or treats after 8 p.m.
the night before the procedure (diabetics excepted). Water
should be available at all times. Walk your dog before coming
into the hospital to empty the bladder and colon. Plan to
arrive before 9 A.M. the morning of the procedure (unless
otherwise arranged). You will be given a written estimate
of scheduled and anticipated services. You will be given
recommendations that you will need to decide on. You may
call ahead to discuss these recommendations or feel free
to browse our website for recommended procedures to help
minimize complications and speed up recovery. If you have
questions about the scheduled procedure(s) that were not
answered in the information provided, please call in advance
of the procedure date. We want to answer your questions
about what is expected to happen.
We will call you to once the procedure has been completed.
We will need a phone number where we can reach you, preferably
a cellular phone. We will schedule a mutually convenient
Note: There is an extra fee if your female pet is in heat
OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY (SPAY) & CASTRATION SURGERIES AT
AMERICAN ANIMAL HOSPITAL
INFORMATION REGARDING STANDARD
OVARIOHYSTERECTOMY & CASTRATION SURGERY
A routine Spay or Neuter is done on an animal that is about
4 to 6 months old. The kitten or puppy has not been ‘in
heat’, and is a normal weight. The pup or kitten has
not had any significant health problems detected. Both testes
have descended into the scrotum on males.
All pets are thoroughly evaluated
prior to surgery to make sure they are a good anesthetic
risk for the surgery.
Pre-Operative Blood work is strongly
The attending Veterinarian will perform a thorough pre-anesthetic
examination to ensure that your pet is healthy prior to
surgery. The heart will be ausculted (listened to) for rate,
rhythm and sounds. The lungs will be ausculted. The mucus
membranes will be examined for color and capillary refill
time. The general appearance will be evaluated. The teeth
will be examined for retained deciduous teeth or other dental
With your permission, we will perform a pre-anesthesia lab
analysis (organ function, electrolytes, hematocrit or complete
blood cell count) if your pet is scheduled for anesthesia.
Our new technology allows us to perform these tests using
only few drops of blood. On some pets, the testing may be
completed within the 7 days prior to the scheduled procedure.
Not all conditions are readily detected by physical exam.
This includes some congenital (present at birth) problems.
An in house profile allows us to find out enough about your
pet’s electrolytes, blood proteins, kidney and liver
function, as well as the percentage of red cells to better
insure your pet’s ability to undergo a smooth anesthesia.
This information will allow us to help your pet through and
after today’s procedures. This also allows us a baseline
of what is normal in your pet.
Your Pet’s first surgery
at the hospital!
Pets initially receive a pre-anesthesia injection that allows
for relaxation, reduces the chance of post anesthesia vomiting
and controls excess salivation. An IV catheter will be placed
(for an extra fee). IV fluids will be administered to help
maintain blood pressure, provide internal organ support
and to help keep your pet from becoming dehydrated. Anesthesia
is induced with an injection of medications that quickly
anesthetizes the pet, and allows for intubation. Intubation
is placing a tube through the mouth, between the laryngeal
cartilages and into the trachea. Isoflurane, a very safe
gas anesthesia, is then administered to maintain anesthesia.
Your pet’s surgery at
American Animal Hospital
The surgery site is clipped and antiseptically prepared
For male cats, each sac of the scrotum is incised with a
scalpel blade and the testicle is retracted and removed.
The cat is wrapped in a towel then placed in its cage with
heat support to recover. There are no sutures (no stitches).
Once dogs and female cats are surgically prepared, they
are moved into the surgery suite onto the heated table.
Electrocardiogram leads and Pulse Oximeter leads are attached
to allow monitoring of heart rate, rhythm, and Oxygen Saturation.
They are then connected to the isoflurane anesthesia machine
that monitors their respiration, and assists in proper ventilation.
The doctor scrubs and prepares for surgery. Sterile techniques
such as sterile surgical gloves, gowns, etc. are used to
maintain sterile surgery. A sterile pack of surgical instruments
is used along with a sterile scalpel blade and suture material.
An ovariohysterectomy is performed on females. This is surgical
removal of the ovaries and uterus via an incision made just
caudal to (behind) the umbilicus (belly button). The incision
is closed in 3 layers of sutures. The final layer is the
skin. Depending on the surgeon’s choice and patient
factors, the sutures will need to be removed in 14 days.
The surgeon may elect to put absorbable sutures and they
will dissolve by themselves and need not be removed.
An orchidectomy is performed on males. In dogs, an incision
is made just cranial (in front of) to the scrotum. Each
testicle is retracted through the single incision, and surgically
removed via an ‘open’ or ‘closed’
procedure. The incision is closed with subcutaneous sutures.
These sutures will need to be removed in 14 days. The surgeon
may elect to put absorbable sutures and they will dissolve
by themselves and need not be removed.
Your Pet’s Recovery at
Pets are recovered in our treatment area on a warming pad.
They are extubated after they regain their reflexes and
are able to control their airways. At that time, they will
be returned to their kennel with further heat support as
needed. All patients are monitored closely for their recovery
and a Veterinarian is readily available to assist the pets
as needed. The pets are kept in the hospital until the sedation
has worn off.
Home Care / Post-operative Care
Pets released the same day will be sedate. This is
to help prevent pain, and allow better initial healing.
Be prepared to allow them to just rest that night. Do not
allow children to handle the pet at all the first night,
and for 3-4 days only under your direct supervision.
An Elizabethan collar will be discharged with all surgeries
for an additional fee. These collars help prevent your pet
from self-traumatizing and/or infecting their surgery site.
These collars are bulky, and some pets are somewhat depressed
or distressed when wearing them. Although strongly discouraged,
you are welcome to develop an alternative. If your dog is
sulking while wearing the collar take it off temporarily,
but, only if you can provide no less than 100% supervision
during this time. Your pet should not be allowed to lick
or otherwise rub at the surgery site.
Your pet should be kept to restricted activity (kept on
a 4-6 foot lead and not allowed to jump or run) or crated
to allow fastest healing with as little pain and complications
as possible. Your pet should be kept indoors and running
or jumping should be restricted.
Feeding: Do not feed your pet at once when you reach home.
Offer small amount of food and water 3-4 hours after arriving
home and gradually increasing the amount over the next 24
hours. Normal food can be given the following day. It is
not unusual for pets to refuse food for a day or two after
Medicines: Start the medicines the following day after
You should briefly check the surgery site once daily. What
Please bring your pet to our office
if any of the following occur
For several days to up to 2 weeks, the surgery site may
be a little lumpy and firm. The tissues inside are going
through change while healing. Additionally, the suture materials
will eventually be hydrolyzed and absorbed. For the first
2 days, there may be a little redness to the site however
it should be clean and dry. In some pets with pink skin
you may even be able to see the suture under the skin; this
is normal. Usually the suture material does not become exposed.
If you detect any suture material protruding, please call;
we will want to check the site for you. With all this said
please know we have had very little in hospital or post
op complications in our pets.
Please bring your pet if any of the following symptoms
appetite for more than 2 days
to drink water for more than a day
or sub-normal temperature
with the incision or discharge, swelling, or infection.
Other Services you may want to
consider with your pet’s Spay/Neuter
When your pet is in for spay or neuter some services may
be of benefit to you and your pet. You may authorize these
services when your pet is admitted in the morning, or anytime
before your pet is in recovery. Provided here is some information
to allow you to make an educated decision.
Microchipping - If
your pet is not yet Microchipped, we can perform the
simple injection to permanently identify your pet.
Radiographs can be
taken to assess for hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia,
arthritis or other medical conditions.When pets are
sedated or anesthetized we can easily take X-rays
that would otherwise be impossible.
Any warts, skin tags,
cysts or other lumps can be removed.
Dental care can be
done at the same time to minimize repeated sedation
episodes. Retained deciduous (baby) teeth can
be removed at the same time.